Generally there are no specific dietary restrictions for an IBD patient. Any specific trigger foods that cause IBD symptoms/flare-ups can be easily avoided by patient himself by self-monitoring his diet. In case of flare-ups a low residue, low fiber diet is advisable.
However, some people who follow the above guidelines may still continue to experience abdominal cramping following eating. In these cases, supportive medications may be helpful. If the normal method of eating food by the mouth is not allowing enough nutrients to be absorbed, then other methods of getting nutrients must be used. These methods include enteral nutrition (special formulas which can be easily absorbed by intestines ) and parenteral nutrition (nutrition provided through intravenous route which enters into blood directly). This type of liquid nutrition prescribed by the doctor is particularly helpful for children with IBD to
ensure adequate nutrition when the appetite is poor and growth is a major concern. Certain types of enteral nutrition (through oral/ feeding tube), such as elemental formulas (simple nutrients which can be easily absorbed by inflamed intestines), can decrease inflammation in Crohn’s disease. When extra nutrie nt-rich calories are needed, supplemental nutrition may also be obtained by formulas prescribed by the doctor that contain a balance of protein, carbohydrates, fat and vitamins. Parenteral nutrition (through IV route) may be needed when a flare is too severe, medical therapy alone is not enough and bowel rest is needed. This form of nutrition may also be needed in Crohn’s disease patients who are severely malnourished or
who have short bowel syndrome (short gut causing malabsorption). Do ask your doctor about enteral nutrition formulas suitable for your case.